Vision Rehabilitation Therapy

Vision rehabilitation therapy can make all the difference in adjusting to vision changes.  Loss of vision does not have to mean loss of independence.  Alyssa Gersony, shares with us her career journey as a certified Vision Rehabilitation Therapist and Orientation and Mobility specialist.  Find out what these services can do for you or your loved one. 

1.  What kind of work have you done with people with macular degeneration?

The majority of my clients with Wet & Dry AMD, or Stargardt’s Disease have reached new levels of independence as a result of VRT and O&M instruction. 

So you may be wondering what VRT and O&M services are... Who are they for? What are the benefits?  I’ll give you the brief rundown.

Vision Rehabilitation Therapy (VRT) is a holistic therapeutic approach for people at all stages of vision loss. Vision Rehabilitation Therapists provide motivational coaching, uniquely adapted equipment instruction and guidance with assistive technology and low vision devices. 

The primary focus of VRT is on enhancing independence and safety with activities of daily living (cooking, cleaning, reading, writing, etc.). VRTs typically work in center-based settings or deliver itinerant (home-based) services through a state-funded private agencies. 

Orientation and Mobility (O&M) is a related service that is provided to children and adults of all ages, with all degrees of vision loss. O&M Specialists are experts in training clients to travel independently. 

This instruction can include the use of a long cane or other adapted mobility device; accessing public transportation and paratransit services; and assessing readiness for the use of a service dog. 

The primary focus of O&M is on developing individualized tools and strategies for independent travel. Smartphones, GPS, and mapping skills are all integrated to ensure clients have a reliable toolbox at their disposal. 

2.  How would someone with macular degeneration benefit from having a home visit or training by a CVRT or COMS?

There are five key benefits from receiving VRT and O&M services:

  1. Greater confidence and improved efficiency in performing Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) independently and safely at home. 
  2. Higher satisfaction with quality of life: socially, emotionally and functionally. 
  3. Stronger advocacy skills, and more effective communication skills with medical and service professionals.
  4. Better coping skills while navigating the stages of grief associated with vision loss.
  5. Increased autonomy through travel independence and self-reliance. 

3.  What is the cost of these types of services and does Medicare pay for it?

This is a complicated issue. The short answer is no, Medicare doesn’t pay for it. But there is a silver lining. I’ll simplify it by paraphrasing the American Foundation for the Blind (AFB):

“The primary source of federal funds for vision-related rehabilitation services for the older population is Title VII Chapter 2 of the Rehabilitation Act (Independent Living Services for Older Individuals Who are Blind). Currently Medicare, Medicaid, and private health insurances do not provide reimbursement for specialized vision rehabilitation services, ”

Here’s the good news: with this federal funding each state has established their own State Commission for the Blind. VRT and O&M services are dispensed and provided for free through these agencies!

4.  How does one find a CVRT or COMS in their area?

I’m glad you asked. Here is a link to my favorite online search tool for state agencies and low vision eye clinics, provided by the American Macular Degeneration Foundation (AMDF): Searchable Database of State Agencies & Low Vision Clinics

Or, if you are looking to verify that a service provider holds ACVREP national certification, you can search their directory here: Verify Service Provider Credentials

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